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Ejector Systems for Fats, Oils, OleochemicalsOpen File / 786.49 kB
Description: Essential processes in the production of natural fats and oils and derivative oleochemicals are performed under vacuum, i.e., at a pressure below atmospheric. Such processes, including solvent extraction, degumming, bleaching, interesterification, fractionation, winterization and deodorization, are supported by ejector systems
Lessons from the Field - Ejector SystemsOpen File / 128.02 kB
Description: Real world ejector system performance limitations uncovered during routine performance surveys. Corrective action undertaken to improve performance is documented and discussed in detail. Principles from the initial article are used as the tools to define the cause of a particular limitation and the eventual solution.
Understanding Ejector Systems Necessary to Troubleshoot Vacuum DistillationOpen File / 918.02 kB
Description: A complete understanding of ejector system performance characteristics can reduce the time and expense associated with troubleshooting poor crude vacuum distillation unit (CVDU) performance.  Variables that may negatively impact the ejector-system performance of vacuum-crude distillation units include utilities supply, corrosion and erosion, fouling, and process conditions.
Air Ejectors Cheaper Than SteamOpen File / 345.04 kB
Description: How ejectors work and the advantages of using pressurized air motive to operate an ejector instead of pressurized motive steam
Optimizing Process Vacuum CondensersOpen File / 821.73 kB
Description: How to properly design steam ejector and process condenser systems as commercially available software does not accurately model system design performance
Ejector System TroubleshootingOpen File / 848.73 kB
Description: How steam ejectors work and an analysis of ejector systems and troubleshooting tips with reference to case studies.
Options Analysis of Vacuum Columns and Ejector SystemsOpen File / 93.44 kB
Description: This paper attempts to show the effects on an ejector system when various operating parameters are modified in order to improve vacuum column cut point. Ejector system design is directly impacted by cut point set for the atmospheric column that precedes a vacuum column. It is noted that increasing cut point for the atmospheric column results in added stripping steam to the vacuum column, consequently, a larger ejector system is required.
Proper Piping for Vacuum SystemsOpen File / 87.04 kB
Description: How to determine pressure drop, condensate leg height and other piping considerations for proper vacuum system design and operation
Troubleshooting Crude Vacuum Tower Overhead Ejector SystemsOpen File / 158.86 kB
Description: How steam ejector systems work and troubleshooting tips for crude vacuum tower systems to keep them running with minimal down time.
Understand Vacuum-System FundamentalsOpen File / 120.59 kB
Description: How ejectors work and properly operating ejectors and condensers is important in maximizing vacuum tower gas-oil yield
Steam Jet Ejectors in Pilot and Production PlantsOpen File / 127.57 kB
Description: How steam jet ejectors work and the differences in selecting a pilot plant unit and a full scale production unit
Optimizing Vacuum Systems for Energy-Efficient OperationOpen File / 45.10 kB
Description: How to optimize and select the most economical steam ejector, process condenser, liquid ring pump system for capital cost and utility cost.
Estimating the Size and Cost of Steam Vacuum RefrigerationOpen File / 315.04 kB
Description: How steam vacuum refrigeration works and the advantages to consider over the use of a mechanical chiller system
Ejectors Have a Wide Range of UsersOpen File / 133.24 kB
Description: How ejectors work, where they are used, why they are the most economical vacuum equipment selection
Ejectors Give Any Suction PressureOpen File / 196.07 kB
Description: Selecting and optimizing steam jet ejectors and condensers for any vacuum level required for the process industries
Designing Steam Jet Vacuum SystemsOpen File / 220.12 kB
Description: Steam-jet vacuum systems combine ejectors, condensers and interconnecting piping to provide relatively low-cost and low-maintenance vacuum pumping. These systems operate on the ejector-venturi principle, which relies on the momentum of a high-velocity jet of steam to move air and other gases from a connecting pipe or vessel.
Design of Vacuum Systems for Crude Oil Vacuum Tower DistillationOpen File / 95.82 kB
Description: Detail design considerations involved in selecting steam ejector/liquid ring pump vacuum system for crude tower service. Materials of construction, energy utilization, packaging, system performance and flexibility will be addressed
Heat in HistoryOpen File / 285.97 kB
Description: The history of Graham Corporation, how it started and perfected heat transfer and vacuum products and invention of the Heliflow Heat Exchanger.
Condenser And Hybrid Gas Removal System Design For A High Non-Condensible Load PlantOpen File / 41.31 kB
Description: Steam jet ejector and liquid ring vacuum pump hybrid gas removal system for steam turbine generator and surface condenser venting of non-condensable gases in a Geothermal power plant system.
Can Air-Operated Ejectors Solve Your Problem?Open File / 230.70 kB
Description: Pressurized air operated ejectors in applications to replace other types of vacuum equipment.
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