Graham Corporation (NYSE Amex: GHM), a designer and manufacturer of critical equipment for the oil refining, petrochemical and power industries, today reported its financial position and results of operations for its second quarter and six month period ended September 30, 2010. Grahamís current fiscal year ends March 31, 2011, and is referred to as "fiscal 2011".
Net sales were $15.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2011, slightly below net sales of $16.1 million in the prior yearís second quarter, but 18% above net sales of $13.4 million in the trailing first quarter of fiscal 2011. Net income in the second quarter was $1.6 million, or $0.16 per diluted share. Net income in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 was up 6% from net income of $1.5 million, or $0.15 per diluted share, in the same period last year and was 77% above net income in the trailing first quarter of fiscal 2011 on higher volume. Net income and earnings per diluted share in the second quarter of the prior fiscal year were negatively impacted by $0.5 million and $0.05, respectively, due to a tax charge and restructuring expenses.
Mr. James R. Lines, Grahamís President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, ďThe quick action to align costs with our revenue and the productivity gains realized from our continuous improvement program that we have implemented over the past four years enabled us to remain profitable through the trough of the cycle these past four quarters. During this past quarter revenue expanded as we began converting our large backlog into sales. We anticipate that modest revenue expansion will continue in the third quarter and accelerate somewhat in the fourth quarter of FY11.Ē
Continued Improvement in International Markets
International sales, which represented 52% of total sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared with 50% of total sales in fiscal 2010ís second quarter, were $8.2 million. The slight increase from $8.0 million during the same quarter of fiscal 2010 helped to offset declines in domestic sales. Sales to South America, Mexico and Africa grew while sales to Asia and the Middle East declined. U.S. sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 were $7.5 million, compared with $8.1 million in the prior yearís second quarter, a decline of 7%. U.S. sales comprised 48% of total sales in the current quarter compared with 50% in last yearís second quarter. The decline in U.S. sales, both on a dollar and relative basis, was the result of the continued slowdown in the U.S. refining industry, driven by an uncertain regulatory environment and a decline in demand for petroleum products and gasoline related to the weak economy, sustained high levels of unemployment and increased conservation efforts.
Thirty-four percent of Grahamís sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 were to the refining industry compared with 44% of sales in the same period of the prior fiscal year. Approximately 32% of sales were to the chemical/petrochemical industry during the second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared with 33% in the prior yearís second quarter, while sales to other commercial and industrial applications accounted for 34% of sales, approximately half of which were to the renewable energy markets, up from 23% in last yearís second quarter.
Fluctuations in Grahamís sales among geographic locations and industries can vary measurably from quarter to quarter based on the timing and magnitude of projects. Graham does not believe that such quarter-to-quarter fluctuations are indicative of business trends, which it believes are more apparent on at least a trailing 12-month basis. Nevertheless, Graham expects that international sales will continue to comprise a larger portion of future revenue in fiscal 2011 and beyond.
Solid Operating Performance During Bottom of Cycle
Gross profit was $5.3 million, or 34% of sales, in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. Gross profit was $5.9 million, or 36% of sales, in the same period of the prior fiscal year. However, gross profit margin was up from 29% in the trailing first quarter of fiscal 2011. Improvements in gross profit margin were based on increased volume and favorable product and geographic mix.
Selling, general and administrative (ďSG&AĒ) expenses in the second quarter were $3.0 million, approximately the same as in the same prior year period. As a percentage of sales, SG&A was approximately 19% in both periods and was consistent with the level of SG&A spending in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.
Operating profit in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 was $2.3 million, down from operating profit of $2.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2010. The decrease was primarily a result of more competitive pricing environment. Operating margin was 15% in the current quarter compared with 17% in the prior yearís second fiscal quarter, but measurably improved over operating margin of 10% in the trailing first quarter of fiscal 2011.
Interest income in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 increased to $18 thousand compared with $15 thousand in the same period of the prior fiscal year primarily as a result of a higher level of invested cash.
Grahamís effective tax rate in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 was 33%. The effective tax rate for the second quarter of fiscal 2010 was 46% and included a charge for unrecognized tax benefits related to the Companyís previously claimed research and development tax credits.
First Half Fiscal 2011 Review
Net sales for the first six months of fiscal 2011 were $29.1 million, a decline of $7.2 million, or 20%, compared with net sales of $36.2 million in the first six months of fiscal 2010. Such decline largely resulted from a significant decline in demand, as order flow stalled 12 to 18 months ago due to very weak economic conditions globally. International sales increased to 55% of sales during the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared with 49% in fiscal 2010. U.S. sales were down to 45% of sales for the six-month period, compared with 51% in the fiscal 2010 six-month period.
Sales to the refining industry accounted for 30% of revenue in the first six months of fiscal 2011, down from 45% in same period of fiscal 2010. Chemical/petrochemical sales were 35% of revenue compared with 28% in the prior year and sales to other commercial and industrial applications represented 35% of sales in the fiscal 2011 six-month period compared with 27% in the six-month period of fiscal 2010.
Gross profit for the fiscal 2011 six-month period was $9.2 million, or 32% of sales, compared with $14.1 million, or 39% of sales, in the prior year period. The decline was primarily related to lower sales, somewhat offset by cost reduction activities, purchasing discipline and improvements in operating efficiencies achieved as part of Grahamís continuous improvement program.
SG&A expenses declined to $5.6 million in the fiscal 2011 six-month period compared with $6.3 million in the first six months of fiscal 2010. The decrease was due primarily to a combination of cost reductions related to fiscal 2010 restructuring initiatives and reduced commissions on lower sales. As a percentage of sales, SG&A was 19% in the first half of fiscal 2011 compared with 17% in the same period the prior year. The increase on a percentage basis was primarily a result of the decline in sales.
Net income in the first six months of fiscal 2011 was $2.4 million, or $0.24 per diluted share, compared with net income of $5.0 million, or $0.50 per diluted share, in the same six-month period of fiscal 2010.
Mr. Jeffrey F. Glajch, Chief Financial Officer, commented, ďWe believe that this last quarter was the end of a 12-month trough in our business. Although we expect revenue for the second half of fiscal 2011 to continue to trend higher, our margins are not expected to keep pace as we are working through orders won in the highly competitive environment over the past year.Ē
Balance Sheet Remains Strong with Significant Cash Position
Cash, cash equivalents and investments at September 30, 2010 were $70.8 million compared with $71.2 million at June 30, 2010 and $74.6 million at March 31, 2010. Included in cash and equivalents is a significant amount of negotiated customer deposits which we received near the end of fiscal 2010, approximately $4 million of which has been utilized as planned through the first six months of fiscal 2011 to purchase materials for the related projects. The balance of these remaining deposits is approximately $10 to $12 million and will be used to procure materials for the related projects through fiscal 2013. At September 30, 2010, approximately $64.1 million was invested in U.S. Treasury notes with maturity periods of 91 to 120 days. Graham had no borrowings outstanding at the end of the quarter, excluding $12.4 million in outstanding letters of credit, against its $30.0 million revolving line of credit facility. Grahamís cash and cash equivalents balance at the end of last yearís second quarter was $54.7 million. The notably higher cash balance in the current period when compared with last year resulted both from cash generated from operations during the 12 months ended September 30, 2010, and, as discussed previously, increased customer deposits.
Net cash provided by operating activities for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 was $0.6 million compared with $9.8 million generated in the prior yearís second quarter and $2.8 million used in operations in the fiscal first quarter of 2011. The improvement in cash generated from operations compared with the first quarter was primarily due to higher net income in the current quarter. For the first six months of fiscal 2011, cash used in operations was $2.2 million compared with cash generated from operations of $9.3 million during the same period last year. Graham expects that it will use cash in its operations for the remainder of fiscal 2011 as it continues to utilize customer deposits to purchase inventory for the related customer projects as they enter production.
Capital expenditures were $164 thousand in the second quarter and $689 thousand in the first half of fiscal 2011, compared with $202 thousand for the second quarter and $282 thousand in the first half of fiscal 2010. Capital expenditures in fiscal 2011 are expected to be approximately $2.8 million to $3.3 million, above Grahamís historic annual level of capital spending of $1.5 to $2.0 million. Approximately $1.5 million in equipment will be purchased in order to complete the large U.S. Navy program order that Graham won in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Approximately 80% of capital spending is expected to be for machinery and equipment. Information technology and other anticipated expenditures are each expected to account for approximately 10% of estimated capital spending.
Orders during the second quarter of fiscal 2011 were $10.5 million, above orders of $8.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011, but below orders of $29.6 million in the prior fiscal yearís second quarter. Orders from international customers were 67% of total orders during the second quarter of fiscal 2011, while U.S. customers accounted for 33% of total orders. International orders comprised 47% and 79% of total orders in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 and the second quarter of last year, respectively, while U.S. orders were 53% and 21% of total orders in the respective periods. Graham expects an increasing percentage of orders to come from International customers in fiscal 2011 and beyond.
Mr. Lines commented, ďWe expect order levels in the second half of fiscal 2011 to improve compared with the first half. We have seen improvements in the Middle East, Asia and recently, South America, and the quality and quantity of inquiries we are receiving is measurably improved. Nonetheless, there remains some hesitation by our customers to commit to projects due to uncertainty in the global outlook.Ē
Grahamís backlog was $83.3 million at September 30, 2010 compared with $89.1 million at June 30, 2010 and $50.5 million at September 30, 2009. At September 30, 2010, there were two orders in backlog with a value of approximately $2.1 million which remained on hold. An order valued at $3.3 million that was previously on hold was re-activated and is now in production. No orders were cancelled during the second quarter of fiscal 2011. Graham believes it is well-positioned to convert existing backlog to meet customer demand.
Approximately 40% of projects in Grahamís backlog as of the end of the second quarter are for refinery projects, 10% for chemical and petrochemical projects and 50% for power and other markets, compared with 55%, 33% and 12%, respectively, at September 30, 2009. Included in Grahamís backlog are several large orders, including the U.S. Navyís carrier program order, that are not expected to begin to be delivered until late in fiscal 2011 and beyond. Consequently, Graham expects only about 60% to 70% of its current backlog to ship in the next twelve months, as opposed to the 85% to 90% of backlog that would normally ship in a twelve-month period.
Graham is reaffirming its previous revenue guidance for fiscal 2011 in the range of $65 million to $72 million, an improvement of 5% to 15% over fiscal 2010. However, with 32% gross margin year to date, Graham now expects gross margin for fiscal 2011 will be in the range of 28% to 30%, narrowed from its previous estimate of 27% to 31%. The backlog expected to ship during the latter half of the fiscal year was won in a more competitive pricing environment and, therefore, higher volume and improved capacity utilization will be offset by lower margin opportunity. We expect margins in the third quarter of fiscal 2011 to be particularly affected by the competitive pricing environment of late last year.
Estimated SG&A expense for fiscal 2011 has been lowered slightly, to a range of $11.8 to $12.3 million. The expected annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2011 remains between 30% and 33%.
Mr. Lines concluded, ďAs we have previously mentioned, we expect the second half of this fiscal year will be stronger than the six-months we just completed, although our margins will be pressured coming out of the pricing environment of the last year. We are looking well beyond fiscal 2011, and are focused on winning opportunities in a very rich pipeline. We see the Middle East, Asia and South America as the regions where order activity will likely be strongest during the next business cycle, albeit spotty, as recent fluctuations have demonstrated. In addition, we expect opportunities to surface occasionally in other regions, such as Africa and Canada, which are also showing signs of renewed strength. On the other hand, although the U.S. market, particularly in oil refining, is expected to remain weak for the foreseeable future, we will continue to work with our U.S. customers as we lay the groundwork for an eventual rebound."
ĒWe have also begun to see more realistic valuations on the acquisition front, as many relatively smaller private companies that are likely acquisition candidates align their expectations with the realities of the downcycle. Our focus is on businesses that provide an opportunity for geographic expansion into stronger markets or product expansion where we can leverage our existing sales channels. In all cases, we are looking for companies with strong management teams offering value-based products that will complement the well-established brand name Graham has built over the last seventy-plus years.Ē, Mr. Lines concluded.
Stock Buyback Program
Graham maintains a stock repurchase program which permits it to repurchase up to one million shares of its common stock through July 29, 2011. Since the initiation of the program in January 2009, Graham has repurchased 351,000 shares at a cost of $3.2 million, including 48,000 shares of common stock repurchased during the second quarter of fiscal 2011 at a cost of $0.7 million.
Webcast and Conference Call
Graham will host a conference call and live webcast today at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time. During the conference call and webcast, James R. Lines, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Jeffrey F. Glajch, Vice President - Finance & Administration and Chief Financial Officer, will review Grahamís financial condition and operating results for the second quarter of fiscal 2011, as well as Grahamís strategy and outlook. Their review will be accompanied by a slide presentation which will be available on this Web site. A question and answer session will follow the formal discussion.
Grahamís conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-201-689-8560 and requesting conference ID number 358700. The webcast can be monitored on Grahamís Web site.
To listen to the archived call, dial 1-858-384-5517, and enter conference ID number 358700. An audio replay will be available from 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the day of release through November 5, 2010. A transcript will also be available on Grahamís Web site, once available.