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Graham Corporation (NYSE Amex: GHM), a designer and manufacturer of critical equipment for the oil refining, petrochemical and power industries, including the supply of components and raw materials to nuclear power plants, today reported its financial results for its third quarter and nine-month period ended December 31, 2011. Graham’s current fiscal year ends March 31, 2012, and is referred to as “fiscal 2012.” Results include Energy Steel & Supply Co., which was acquired by Graham on December 14, 2010. Year-over-year comparisons do not include the full results of Energy Steel in the prior year’s periods. Energy Steel is a nuclear code-accredited fabrication and specialty machining company that manufactures heat exchangers, structural weldments and valve and pump replacement parts for the nuclear power generation industry.
Net sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 were $24.3 million, up from net sales of $19.2 million in the third quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011, which is referred to as “fiscal 2011”. Organic sales increased $2.4 million, or 13%, to $21.0 million. Energy Steel contributed $3.4 million to net sales in fiscal 2012’s third quarter and represented approximately 53% of the growth in the quarter.
Net income was $1.6 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, in fiscal 2012’s third quarter compared with $0.8 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, in the same prior year period. Included in fiscal 2011’s third quarter net income was $0.5 million, or $0.05 per diluted share, of transaction costs related to the acquisition of Energy Steel.
Mr. James R. Lines, Graham’s President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “We had a solid quarter with margins reflecting both leverage gained from improved volume and a somewhat better pricing environment as we continue to operate in what we believe is the early stages of a global industrial recovery.”
Nuclear energy projects and naval nuclear propulsion program contribute to growth
Sales to the U.S. market doubled to $13.9 million, or 57% of total sales, in fiscal 2012’s third quarter compared with $6.9 million in the same prior year period. Sales for Energy Steel, which are substantially all in the U.S, represented 36%, or $2.6 million, of the increase in U.S. sales in the quarter. International sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 were $10.4 million compared with $12.3 million in the same prior year period. International sales represented 43% of total sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 compared with 64% in the third quarter of fiscal 2011.
In the third quarter of fiscal 2012, $7.5 million of sales were to the refining industry, down slightly from $7.6 million of sales in the same period of the prior year, while sales to the power market in the third quarter were up $2.0 million to $6.5 million. The increase reflects the addition of Energy Steel, which sells exclusively to nuclear energy facilities (power generation market). Sales to other commercial and industrial applications in the third quarter increased $1.7 million to $5.6 million from $3.9 million in the same prior-year period, which primarily reflects revenue recognized for the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier nuclear propulsion program. Other commercial and industrial applications accounted for 23% of sales during the third quarter of fiscal 2012 compared with 20% in the prior year’s third quarter. Sales to the chemical/petrochemical market increased $1.5 million, or 47%, to $4.7 million as petrochemical operations continue to expand domestically due to low cost natural gas and to grow globally in order to support developing middle classes in emerging markets.
Fluctuations in Graham’s sales among geographic locations and industries can vary measurably from quarter to quarter based on the timing and magnitude of projects. Graham does not believe that such quarter-to-quarter fluctuations are indicative of business trends, which it believes are more apparent on a trailing twelve to twenty-four month period.
Operating leverage realized on improved volume
Gross profit was $6.5 million, or 27% of sales, in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 compared with $4.8 million, or 25% of sales, in the third quarter of fiscal 2011. Improved profit margin was the result of greater absorption of costs through increased facility utilization on higher volume and improved prices.
Selling, general and administrative, or SG&A, expenses in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 were $3.8 million. As a result of improved operating leverage from higher sales, SG&A was 15% of sales in fiscal 2012’s third quarter compared with 19% in the prior year’s third quarter.
Operating profit in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 was $2.6 million, up from $1.2 million in the prior year’s third quarter. Operating margin expanded to 11% in the current quarter compared with 6% in the prior fiscal year’s third quarter reflecting the leverage gained on higher sales and better pricing.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, or EBITDA, was $3.2 million, or 13% of sales, in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 compared with $2.3 million, or 12% of sales, in the same period of the prior fiscal year when excluding acquisition related transaction costs. Graham believes that when used in conjunction with GAAP measures, EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP measure, helps in the understanding of its operating performance. Graham’s credit facility also contains ratios based on EBITDA. The attached tables provide a reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA.
First Nine Months Fiscal 2012 Review
Net sales for the first nine months of fiscal 2012 were $82.9 million compared with $48.3 million in the same prior year period. Organic sales increased $20.9 million, or 43.9%, to $68.5 million, while Energy Steel contributed $14.5 million to net sales in fiscal 2012’s first nine months. The strong sales growth during the nine-month period reflected the addition of Energy Steel, the ongoing production of certain major refinery projects, the progress made on the U.S. Navy’s nuclear propulsion project, and what Graham believes is the early stages of an economic recovery in its markets. International sales were 48% of sales during the first nine months of fiscal 2012 compared with 59% in the same prior year period. International sales increased to $40 million in the fiscal 2012 nine-month period compared with $28.4 million during the same prior-year period. U.S. sales were 52% of sales for the fiscal 2012 ninemonth period, compared with 41% in the same period of the prior year. U.S. sales increased $23.0 million, with Energy Steel contributing approximately 60% of the increase.
Sales in all industries grew measurably, except for the chemical/petrochemical market. Sales to the chemical/petrochemical market were negatively impacted primarily as a result of the timing of projects released.
Gross profit for the current nine-month period was $27.5 million, or 33% of sales, compared with $13.9 million, or 29% of sales, in the same prior-year period. Such expansion reflects the quality of the projects that were in production during the period, strong pricing as well as operating leverage gained in operating facilities because of higher volume.
SG&A expenses increased to $11.8 million in the fiscal 2012 nine-month period compared with $9.2 million in the first nine months of fiscal 2011. Higher SG&A was the result of investments in personnel to execute on Graham’s diversification strategy and the addition of Energy Steel. As a percentage of sales, SG&A was 14% in the first nine months of fiscal 2012 compared with 19% in the same period in the prior year. The improvement on a percentage basis reflects the operating leverage gained as sales increase at a greater rate than required spending.
Net income in the first nine months of fiscal 2012 was $10.1 million, or $1.01 per diluted share, compared with net income of $3.2 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, in the same period of fiscal 2011. Excluding transaction costs associated with the acquisition of Energy Steel, fiscal 2011’s first nine months net income and diluted earnings per share were $3.7 million and $0.37, respectively.
Solid balance sheet with strong cash position and no debt
Net cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of fiscal 2012 was $3.9 million compared with cash used in operations of $5.8 million in the prior-year period. The increase in cash provided by operations was primarily related to growth in net income.
Cash, cash equivalents and investments at December 31, 2011 were $44.5 million compared with $37.7 million at September 30, 2011 and $43.1 million at March 31, 2011. The increase was primarily due to the generation of cash from operations and the timing of working capital requirements.
Capital expenditures were $1.1 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2012, compared with $0.7 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2011. Higher capital expenditures during fiscal 2012, which are expected to be approximately $3.0 million to $3.5 million for the full year, have been primarily related to investments in machinery and equipment to improve productivity, expand production operations, and enhance information technology.
Graham has a credit facility that provides a $25 million revolving credit line, which is expandable to up to $50 million. Graham had no borrowings outstanding under the credit facility at the end of the third quarter, excluding $8.3 million in outstanding letters of credit.
Order strength reflects success of diversification strategy
Orders during the third quarter of fiscal 2012 were $21.9 million, up 23% from $17.8 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2011. Approximately 44% of the total order value, or $9.7 million, in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 was won by Energy Steel. Excluding Energy Steel, organic orders declined 28%, or $4.7 million, in the third quarter compared with the same period in the prior year. Total orders for the power market, which includes nuclear energy, were $10.9 million, up from $1.5 million in the prior year. For the organic business, orders from the chemical/petrochemical market more than doubled to $4.7 million, helping to offset the $6.2 million decline in orders from the refining industry.
Orders from U.S. customers represented 80%, or $17.6 million, of total orders during the third quarter of fiscal 2012. Energy Steel, which primarily does business in the U.S., had approximately 55% of these domestic orders in the quarter. Graham expects that orders will continue to be variable between quarters, but in the long run relatively balanced between domestic and international markets given both the addition of Energy Steel and the anticipated continued growth in the Asian and Latin American markets.
Graham’s backlog was $72.6 million at December 31, 2011, down from $75.1 million at the end of the trailing second quarter and also down from $90.5 million at December 31, 2010. Included in backlog was $12.8 million associated with Energy Steel, which improved when compared with its backlog of $6.8 million at September 30, 2011. At December 31, 2011, approximately 40% of backlog was related to other industrial or commercial applications, which included the U.S. Navy carrier project order. In addition, 14% of backlog was related to refinery projects, 24% for power projects, including nuclear, and 22% for chemical and petrochemical projects as of the end of the third quarter.
Approximately 85% to 90% of orders currently in backlog are expected to be converted to sales within the next 12 months. The U.S. Navy project order, which was received in December 2009, continues to have a measurable impact on backlog and conversion. While a significant portion of the project has converted during fiscal 2012, more than 50% of the order is expected to still be in backlog at the end of fiscal 2012.
Full year revenue outlook tightened to range of $105 million to $108 million
Graham now expects for fiscal 2012 that revenue will be in the range of $105 million to $108 million, gross profit margin will be 32% to 33%, SG&A will be about 15% of total annual sales, and the effective tax rate for the year will approximate 34%.
Mr. Lines noted, “We benefitted earlier this year from the shipment of orders that had been received during the strong part of the last up cycle, and now are seeing the impact of the current industrial economy and pricing environment. While improving, recovery is still in the early stages. Orders were bolstered this quarter by the success of Energy Steel in the new-build nuclear energy arena, but overall the decline in the refining industry was apparent in the organic business despite a surge in orders from the petrochemical industry. Although the early stages of the recovery have been protracted, based on the strength of our pipeline and the number of quality projects in consideration, we remain bullish on the long-term outlook for our industry.”
Webcast and Conference Call
Graham will host a conference call and live webcast today at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time. During the conference call and webcast, James R. Lines, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Jeffrey F. Glajch, Vice President - Finance & Administration and Chief Financial Officer, will review Graham’s financial condition and operating results for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2012, as well as Graham’s strategy and outlook. Their review will be accompanied by a slide presentation which will be available on this web site. A question and answer session will follow the formal discussion.
Graham’s conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-201-689-8560. The webcast can be monitored on Graham’s Web site at this website.
A telephonic replay will be available from 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the day of release through February 3, 2012. To listen to the archived call, dial 1-858-384-5517, and enter conference ID number 386497. A transcript will also be available on Graham’s website, once available.